『徳島大学 教育・研究者情報データベース (EDB)』---[学外] /
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種別 (必須): 総説·解説 [継承]
言語 (必須): 日本語 [継承]
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審査 (推奨): Peer Review [継承]
カテゴリ (推奨): 研究 [継承]
共著種別 (推奨):
学究種別 (推奨):
組織 (推奨):
著者 (必須): 1. (英) Kookana Rai S (日) (読)
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[継承]
2. (英) Williams Mike (日) (読)
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3. (英) Boxall Alistair BA (日) (読)
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4. (英) Larsson Joakim DG (日) (読)
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5. (英) Choi Kyung ho (日) (読)
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6.山本 裕史
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7. (英) Thatikonda Shashidhar (日) (読)
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8. (英) Zhu Yong-Guan (日) (読)
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9. (英) Carriquiriborde Pedro (日) (読)
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題名 (必須): (英) Potential ecological footprints of active pharmaceutical ingredients: an examination of risk factors in low-, middle- and high-income countries  (日)    [継承]
副題 (任意):
要約 (任意): (英) Active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) can enter the natural environment during manufacture, use and/or disposal, and consequently public concern about their potential adverse impacts in the environment is growing. Despite the bulk of the human population living in Asia and Africa (mostly in low- or middle-income countries), limited work relating to research, development and regulations on APIs in the environment have so far been conducted in these regions. Also, the API manufacturing sector is gradually shifting to countries with lower production costs. This paper focuses mainly on APIs for human consumption and highlights key differences between the low-, middle- and high-income countries, covering factors such as population and demographics, manufacture, prescriptions, treatment, disposal and reuse of waste and wastewater. The striking differences in populations (both human and animal), urbanization, sewer connectivity and other factors have revealed that the environmental compartments receiving the bulk of API residues differ markedly between low- and high-income countries. High sewer connectivity in developed countries allows capture and treatment of the waste stream (point-source). However, in many low- or middle-income countries, sewerage connectivity is generally low and in some areas waste is collected predominantly in septic systems. Consequently, the diffuse-source impact, such as on groundwater from leaking septic systems or on land due to disposal of raw sewage or septage, may be of greater concern. A screening level assessment of potential burdens of APIs in urban and rural environments of countries representing low- and middle-income as well as high-income has been made. Implications for ecological risks of APIs used by humans in lower income countries are discussed.  (日)    [継承]
キーワード (推奨): 1. (英) Developed Countries (日) (読) [継承]
2.開発途上国 (developing countries) [継承]
3. (英) Environmental Monitoring (日) (読) [継承]
4.環境汚染物質 (Environmental pollutants) [継承]
5. (英) Pharmaceutical Preparations (日) (読) [継承]
6. (英) Risk Factors (日) (読) [継承]
発行所 (推奨):
誌名 (必須): Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences (Royal Society (Great Britain))
(pISSN: 0962-8436, eISSN: 1471-2970)

ISSN (任意): 1471-2970
ISSN: 0962-8436 (pISSN: 0962-8436, eISSN: 1471-2970)
Title: Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological sciences
Title(ISO): Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci
Publisher: Royal Society Publishing
 (NLM Catalog  (Scopus  (CrossRef (Scopus information is found. [need login])
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(必須): 369 [継承]
(必須): 1656 [継承]
(必須): 20130586 20130586 [継承]
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年月日 (必須): 西暦 2014年 11月 19日 (平成 26年 11月 19日) [継承]
URL (任意):
DOI (任意): 10.1098/rstb.2013.0586    (→Scopusで検索) [継承]
PMID (任意): 25405973    (→Scopusで検索) [継承]
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Scopus (任意): 2-s2.0-84907841579 [継承]
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備考 (任意): 1.(英) Article.ELocationID: 10.1098/rstb.2013.0586  (日)    [継承]
2.(英) Article.ELocationID: 20130586  (日)    [継承]
3.(英) Article.PublicationTypeList.PublicationType: Journal Article  (日)    [継承]
4.(英) Article.PublicationTypeList.PublicationType: Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't  (日)    [継承]
5.(英) Article.PublicationTypeList.PublicationType: Review  (日)    [継承]
6.(英) OtherID: PMC4213596  (日)    [継承]
7.(英) KeywordList.Keyword: antibiotics  (日)    [継承]
8.(英) KeywordList.Keyword: developing countries  (日)    [継承]
9.(英) KeywordList.Keyword: ecological risks  (日)    [継承]
10.(英) KeywordList.Keyword: sewage  (日)    [継承]
11.(英) KeywordList.Keyword: wastewater  (日)    [継承]

標準的な表示

和文冊子 ● S Rai Kookana, Mike Williams, BA Alistair Boxall, DG Joakim Larsson, ho Kyung Choi, 山本 裕史, Shashidhar Thatikonda, Yong-Guan Zhu, Pedro Carriquiriborde : Potential ecological footprints of active pharmaceutical ingredients: an examination of risk factors in low-, middle- and high-income countries, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences, Vol.369, No.1656, 20130586, 2014年11月.
欧文冊子 ● S Rai Kookana, Mike Williams, BA Alistair Boxall, DG Joakim Larsson, ho Kyung Choi, Hiroshi Yamamoto, Shashidhar Thatikonda, Yong-Guan Zhu and Pedro Carriquiriborde : Potential ecological footprints of active pharmaceutical ingredients: an examination of risk factors in low-, middle- and high-income countries, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences, Vol.369, No.1656, 20130586, Nov. 2014.

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