著作: [道重 文子]/[吉永 純子]/原田 江梨子/[弘田 克彦]/[三宅 洋一郎]/[松尾 敬志]/安岡 劭/Relationships between activity of daily living, and oral cavity care and the number of oral cavity microorganisms in patients with cerebrovascular diseases/[The Journal of Medical Investigation : JMI]
(英) Relationships between activity of daily living, and oral cavity care and the number of oral cavity microorganisms in patients with cerebrovascular diseases
(英) We examined the relationships among the activity of daily living (ADL), oral cavity care, and the number of oral cavity microorganisms in 40 patients with cerebrovascular diseases (CVD). The CVD patients were classified into 4 groups, I, II, III and IV based on their ADL and the method used for oral cavity care. The ADL was highest in group I and lowest in group III. Only the patients of only group III could not eat by themselves and were receiving naso-esophageal feeding. Oral cavity care was performed by the patients themselves in groups I and IV, but was performed by caregivers in groups II and III. The group IV patients had no teeth, but could eat by themselves using full dentures. The numbers of microorganisms in the pharyngeal swabs from the 4 groups were measured and expressed as colony-forming units (cfu). The numbers of both Staphylococci spp. and Candida spp. were significantly higher in group III than in the other groups. Moreover, Pseudomonas aeruginosa was isolated only from patients of group III (in about 66%). The oral cavity care by caregivers was almost the same in groups II and III, but the numbers of oral cavity microorganisms were significantly higher in group III than in group II. These results indicated that microorganisms grow more easily in the oral cavities of CVD patients with low ADL compared with CVD patients with higher ADL, and that eating is thought to be important for the prevention of an increase of microorganisms in the oral cavity.
The Journal of Medical Investigation : JMI([徳島大学.医学部])
|年月日||必須||1999年 2月 初日|