著作: 小野瀬 由紀子/大木 崇/[山田 博胤]/真鍋 和代/Kageji Yoshimi/Matsuoka Masako/Yamamoto Takashi/[田畑 智継]/[若槻 哲三]/[伊東 進]/Effect of cilnidipine on left ventricular diastolic function in hypertensive patients as assessed by pulsed Doppler echocardiography and pulsed tissue Doppler imaging./[Japanese Circulation Journal]
(英) Effect of cilnidipine on left ventricular diastolic function in hypertensive patients as assessed by pulsed Doppler echocardiography and pulsed tissue Doppler imaging.
(英) The purpose of the present study was to examine the mechanisms of improvement in left ventricular (LV) diastolic function in hypertensive patients treated with cilnidipine, a new and unique calcium antagonist that has both L-type and N-type voltage-dependent calcium channel blocking actions, using pulsed Doppler echocardiography and pulsed tissue Doppler imaging. The study comprised 35 untreated patients with essential hypertension (19 men and 16 women; mean age 65+/-10 years). The peak early diastolic and atrial systolic transmitral flow velocities (E and A, respectively) and their ratio (E/A), and the peak early diastolic and atrial systolic motion velocities (Ew and Aw, respectively) of the LV posterior wall and their ratio (Ew/Aw) were determined in all patients before and after 1, 3 and 6 months on cilnidipine (10 mg/day). One month: Systolic and diastolic blood pressures were significantly decreased. E and E/A were significantly increased, whereas there were no significant changes in Ew and Ew/Aw. Three months: Ew and Ew/Aw were significantly increased compared to those before and 1 month after cilnidipine. Six months: E and E/A were significantly increased compared with before and 3 months after cilnidipine, and Ew and Ew/Aw were significantly increased compared with before cilnidipine. Moreover, the LV mass index was significantly decreased compared to that before cilnidipine. In summary, changes in LV diastolic performance in patients with essential hypertension following cilnidipine treatment were biphasic with an initial increase in early diastolic transmitral flow velocity and a later increase in early diastolic LV wall motion velocity. The initial and later changes can be related to an acute change in afterload and a later improvement in LV relaxation.
Japanese Circulation Journal([社団法人 日本循環器学会])
|年月日||必須||2001年 4月 初日|