著作: [田中 克哉]/Weihrauch D/Ludwig LM/Kersten JR/Pagel PS/Warltier DC/Mitochondrial adenosine triphosphate-regulated potassium channel opening acts as a trigger for isoflurane-induced preconditioning by generating reactive oxygen species./[Anesthesiology]
(英) Mitochondrial adenosine triphosphate-regulated potassium channel opening acts as a trigger for isoflurane-induced preconditioning by generating reactive oxygen species.
(英) Whether the opening of mitochondrial adenosine triphosphate-regulated potassium (K(ATP)) channels is a trigger or an end effector of anesthetic-induced preconditioning is unknown. We tested the hypothesis that the opening of mitochondrial K(ATP) channels triggers isoflurane-induced preconditioning by generating reactive oxygen species (ROS) in vivo. Pentobarbital-anesthetized rabbits were subjected to a 30-min coronary artery occlusion followed by 3 h reperfusion. Rabbits were randomly assigned to receive a vehicle (0.9% saline) or the selective mitochondrial K(ATP) channel blocker 5-hydroxydecanoate (5-HD) alone 10 min before or immediately after a 30-min exposure to 1.0 minimum alveolar concentration (MAC) isoflurane. In another series of experiments, the fluorescent probe dihydroethidium was used to assess superoxide anion production during administration of 5-HD or the ROS scavengers N-acetylcysteine or N-2-mercaptopropionyl glycine (2-MPG) in the presence or absence of 1.0 MAC isoflurane. Myocardial infarct size and superoxide anion production were measured using triphenyltetrazolium staining and confocal fluorescence microscopy, respectively. Isoflurane (P < 0.05) decreased infarct size to 19 +/- 3% (mean +/- SEM) of the left ventricular area at risk as compared to the control (38 +/- 4%). 5-HD administered before but not after isoflurane abolished this beneficial effect (37 +/- 4% as compared to 24 +/- 3%). 5-HD alone had no effect on infarct size (42 +/- 3%). Isoflurane increased fluorescence intensity. Pretreatment with N-acetylcysteine, 2-MPG, or 5-HD before isoflurane abolished increases in fluorescence, but administration of 5-HD after isoflurane only partially attenuated increases in fluorescence produced by the volatile anesthetic agent. The results indicate that mitochondrial K(ATP) channel opening acts as a trigger for isoflurane-induced preconditioning by generating ROS in vivo.
|発行所||推奨||The American Society of Anesthesiologists|
Anesthesiology([The American Society of Anesthesiologists])
|年月日||必須||2003年 4月 初日|