著作: 九川 文彦/[上野 明道]/Kawasaki Miho/青木 正忠/Evaluation of cell death caused by CDF (cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, 5-fluorouracil) multi-drug administration in the human breast cancer cell line MCF-7./[Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin]
(英) Evaluation of cell death caused by CDF (cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, 5-fluorouracil) multi-drug administration in the human breast cancer cell line MCF-7.
(英) We evaluated the features of cell death induced by CDF (cyclophosphamide [CPA], doxorubicin [DOX], 5-fluorouracil [5-FU]) multi-drug administration in vitro using the human breast cancer cell line MCF-7. Used individually, DOX and 5-FU induced 60% cell death in MCF-7 cells, at 5 microg/ml and 25 microg/ml, respectively, by the 4th day following drug treatment. CPA was the least cytotoxic of the 3 drugs, causing only 20% cell death, even at the high concentration of 500 microg/ml. Treating cells with a mixture of all three anticancer drugs resulted in 60% cell death, on the second and third day following drug treatment. The nature of the cytotoxicity of CPA, DOX, and 5-FU was investigated, because these drugs are sometimes used to induce apoptosis. Biochemical analysis showed faint DNA fragmentation in the case of DOX or all three drugs, but not for treatment with CPA or 5-FU. In contrast, the morphological apoptotic feature of a condensed nucleus was observed only for CPA and 5-FU. Flow cytometric data agreed with the morphological results in that the FACS cytogram for DOX and for all three drugs was different from that for CPA or 5-FU given alone. These observations suggested that the cell death induced by these anticancer drugs in the human breast cancer cell line MCF-7 is a mixture of apoptotic and non-apoptotic, but it becomes completely non-apoptotic in the case of multi-drug administration.
Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin([日本薬学会])
|年月日||必須||2004年 3月 1日|