著作: [久保 宜明]/Urano Yoshio/[飛田 泰斗史]/Ikeuchi Tsuneo/Nomoto Masashi/Kunitomo Kazufumi/[荒瀬 誠治]/A novel PTEN mutation in a Japanese patient with Cowden disease./[The British Journal of Dermatology]
(英) A novel PTEN mutation in a Japanese patient with Cowden disease.
(英) Cowden disease (CD) is an autosomal dominant syndrome characterized by multiple hamartomatous lesions and an increased risk for malignancies. Recent evidence has indicated that the PTEN gene, encoding a protein tyrosine phosphatase, is the CD susceptibility gene. However, another line of evidence has suggested that CD might be genetically heterogeneous. Clinical features of CD are variable, and there are interfamilial differences in the expression of skin lesions. Therefore, information on PTEN mutations in CD patients should be accumulated to clarify the genotype-phenotype correlation. In the present study, we found heterozygous germline mutations of PTEN in all of three Japanese patients with CD examined, indicating no genetic heterogeneity among our patients. The mutations included two non-sense mutations of R335X and R130X, and a mis-sense mutation of C136R. To the best of our knowledge, the C136R mutation has not previously been reported in CD patients. This novel mutation was located outside the core motif of the phosphatase domain of PTEN protein, where most of the missense mutations previously reported in CD patients were clustered. Mucocutaneous manifestations were far fewer in the patient with this mutation than in the patients with nonsense mutations. Whether the phenotypic difference in mucocutaneous features was due to the different mutations remains unclear.
The British Journal of Dermatology(British Association of Dermatologists)
|年月日||必須||2000年 6月 初日|