著作: 増田 貴子/[富山 芳信]/[北畑 洋]/黒田 泰弘/[大下 修造]/Propofol inhibits volume-sensitive chloride channels in human coronary artery smooth muscle cells./[Anesthesia & Analgesia]
(英) Propofol inhibits volume-sensitive chloride channels in human coronary artery smooth muscle cells.
(英) Volume-sensitive chloride channels (VSCC) play an important role in regulation of cell volume and electrical activity. Activation of vascular smooth muscle VSCC causes smooth muscle depolarization and contraction. We investigated the effects of propofol on VSCC in cultured human coronary artery smooth muscle cells by using the chloride-sensitive dye 6-methoxy-N-ethylquinolinium (MEQ). To activate VSCC, cells were superfused for 2 min with hypotonic gluconate solutions and then potassium thiocyanate solution. The percentage reduction in MEQ fluorescence during 60 s in the presence of potassium thiocyanate was measured and used as an index of VSCC activity. 5-Nitro-2-(3-phenylpropylamino) benzoic acid (NPPB), a well characterized chloride channel blocker, and propofol were dissolved in hypotonic gluconate solution to test their effect on VSCC activity. The reduction in fluorescence was inversely related to osmolality, indicating that activation of VSCC is osmolality dependent. Hypotonic gluconate solution (210 mOsm/kg H(2)O) reduced fluorescence by 38.9% +/- 2.6% of the baseline value. The reduction in fluorescence was dose-dependently inhibited by NPPB. Propofol at 0.3, 1, 3, 10, 30, and 100 micro g/mL significantly inhibited the reduction in fluorescence to 23.6% +/- 4.8%, 19.7% +/- 7.4%, 18.2% +/- 3.5%, 17.6% +/- 5.0%, 15.8% +/- 3.1%, and 10.3% +/- 3.9% of the baseline value, respectively. Our results indicate that propofol inhibits VSCC in a dose-dependent manner in human coronary artery smooth muscle cells.
Anesthesia & Analgesia(International Anesthesia Research Society(IARS))
|年月日||必須||2003年 9月 初日|