著作: Aoyama Chieko/[山﨑 尚志]/[寺田 弘]/Ishidate Kozo/Structure and characterization of the genes for murine choline/ethanolamine kinase isozymes alpha and beta./[Journal of Lipid Research]
(英) Structure and characterization of the genes for murine choline/ethanolamine kinase isozymes alpha and beta.
(英) Choline/ethanolamine kinase (CK/EK) is the first enzyme in phosphatidylcholine/phosphatidylethanolamine biosynthesis in all animal cells. The highly purified CKs from mammalian sources and their recombinant gene products so far were all shown to have EK activity also, indicating that both activities reside on the same protein. CK/EK in most animal cells exists as several isoforms, for two of which (alpha and beta) their cDNAs have been cloned from both the rat and mouse, and they are found to be separate gene products. The physiological significance for the existence of more than one CK/EK enzyme, however, remains to be clarified. In this study, we isolated mouse genes encoding both types of CK/EK isozyme and determined their entire structure. The 5'-flanking promoter regions were found to have quite different features from each other, indicating that their expression could be under distinct control. Comparison of the nucleotide sequence between the corresponding coding exons showed the best homology (75%) residing on exon VIII. A search of the database resulted in the possible existence of 17 different origins of eukaryotic CK and/or EK, each of which presumably contained the entire amino acid sequence. Multialignment of their putative amino acid sequences led to an identification of the novel consensus sequence possibly required for the expression of either CK or EK activity, which corresponded to the sequence within exons VII and VIII of CK/EK-alpha and -beta genes from the mouse. This sequence was localized in close proximity to the C-terminal region of the general (Brenner's) phosphotransferase concensus sequence which was also completely conserved in all of the putative eukaryotic CK/EK proteins. The results demonstrated that, while both CK/EK-alpha and -beta genes were composed of 11 major exons, the size of their genes was quite different: 40 kb for CK/EK-alpha, whereas it was only 3.5 kb for CK/EK-beta.
Journal of Lipid Research([The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology])
|年月日||必須||2000年 3月 初日|