著作: Yoshimura Naoaki/Tsuka Takeshi/Yoshimura Takaaki/[音井 威重]/Efficacy of Abdominal Ultrasonography for Differentiation of Gastrointestinal Diseases in Calves./[Animals : An Open Access Journal from MDPI]
(英) Efficacy of Abdominal Ultrasonography for Differentiation of Gastrointestinal Diseases in Calves.
(英) This study investigated the clinical efficacy of abdominal ultrasonography for abomasal dilation in three calves, intestinal volvulus in five calves, intussusception in one calf, and internal hernia in one calf. In the abdominal ultrasonograms of the abomasal dilation cases, this disease was commonly characterized by severely extended lumens, including heterogeneously hyperechoic ingesta without intraluminal accumulations of gas. In the animals with intestinal volvulus and intussusception, a to-and-fro flow was observed to be a common ultrasonographic characteristic that led to suspicion of an intestinal obstruction. The use of abdominal ultrasonography for five cases with intestinal volvulus gave no reason to suspect this disease, despite its efficacy in one case, based on an acutely angled narrowing. Although three of five animals with intestinal volvulus had intestinal ruptures, no ultrasonographic evidence could be obtained. When abdominal ultrasonography was used for one case with intussusception, this pathological condition could be strongly suspected, as a "target" sign was observed. This finding supported surgical intervention for this case, followed by treatment with manual reduction, resulting in a favorable outcome. In terms of the differential and definitive diagnosis for various intestinal diseases, abdominal ultrasonography may be poor at providing indicative evidence, but very helpful for confirming intestinal obstruction.
Animals : An Open Access Journal from MDPI(Molecular Diversity Preservation International)
|年月日||必須||2022年 9月 20日|