著作: Bilguun Tegshee/[近藤 和也]/副島 志帆/六車 京香/[坪井 光弘]/[梶浦 耕一郎]/[川上 行奎]/[河北 直也]/[鳥羽 博明]/[吉田 光輝]/[滝沢 宏光]/[丹黒 章]/GHSR methylation-dependent expression of a variant ligand and receptor of the ghrelin system induces thymoma tumorigenesis/[Oncology Letters]
(英) GHSR methylation-dependent expression of a variant ligand and receptor of the ghrelin system induces thymoma tumorigenesis
(英) Our previous study reported that the DNA methylation of growth hormone secretagogue receptor () was significantly higher in thymoma or thymic carcinoma (TC) than in normal thymic tissue samples. Thymic epithelial tumors (TETs) with higher DNA methylation were associated with significantly worse prognosis than those with lower levels of DNA methylation. Diversified components of the ghrelin- axis may exert opposing effects in cancer progression, depending on the cancer type in question. However, the precise function of the axis remains unclear. In the present study, the mRNA expression of five key components of the ghrelin system [native ligand ghrelin, variant ligand In-1 ghrelin, native receptor GHSR1a, variant receptor GHSR1b and acylation enzyme ghrelin O-acyltransferase (GOAT)] were examined in 58 TET samples by reverse transcription-quantitative PCR, and protein expression of GHSR1a and GHSR1b was assessed in 20 TETs using immunohistochemistry. The results revealed that In-1 ghrelin, GHSR1b (variant forms) and GOAT were more strongly expressed in thymoma compared with thymic-adjacent tissue. By contrast, no significant differences were observed in the expression of ghrelin and GHSR1a (native forms) between thymoma and thymic tissue. The mRNA expression of In-1 ghrelin and GHSR1b (variant forms) was positively associated with methylation in thymoma tissue samples. However, a relationship was not found between ghrelin, GHSR1a or GOAT expression (native forms) and methylation in thymoma. Immunohistochemical analysis revealed that mRNA expression of GHSR1a and GHSR1b generally correlated with expression of the corresponding protein, and that the expression of GHSR1b was increased in advanced-stage TETs. These results indicate that the DNA methylation of is associated with a shift from native expression (ghrelin and GHSR1a) to variant expression (In-1 ghrelin and GHSR1b), which induces the tumorigenesis of thymoma, but not TC.
Oncology Letters(Spandidos Publications)
(pISSN: 1792-1074, eISSN: 1792-1082)
|年月日||必須||2021年 9月 17日|