著作: YAN HUIJIAO/[大島 正充]/RESMI RAJU/RAMAN SWARNA LAKSHMI/[関根 一光]/ARIEF WASKITHO/[井上 美穂]/Inoue Masahisa/[馬場 麻人]/[守田 剛]/[宮城 麻友]/[松香 芳三]/Dentin-pulp complex tissue regeneration via three-dimensional cell sheet layering/[Tissue Engineering. Part C, Methods]
(英) Dentin-pulp complex tissue regeneration via three-dimensional cell sheet layering
(英) The dentin-pulp complex is a unique structure in teeth that contains both hard and soft tissues. Generally, deep caries and trauma cause damage to the dentin-pulp complex, and if left untreated, this damage will progress to irreversible pulpitis. The aim of this study was to fabricate a layered cell sheet composed of rat dental pulp (DP) cells and odontogenic differentiation of pulp (OD) cells and to investigate the ability to regenerate the dentin-pulp complex in a scaffold tooth. We fabricated two single cell sheets composed of DP cells (DP cell sheet) or OD cells (OD cell sheet) and a layered cell sheet made by layering both cells. The characteristics of the fabricated cell sheets were analyzed using light microscopy, scanning electron microscope (SEM), hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining, and immunohistochemistry (IHC). Furthermore, the cell sheets were transplanted into the subrenal capsule of immunocompromised mice for 8 weeks. After this, the regenerative capacity to form dentin-like tissue was evaluated using micro-computed tomography (micro-CT), HE staining, and IHC. The findings of SEM and IHC confirmed that layered cell sheets fabricated by stacking OD cells and DP cells maintained their cytological characteristics. Micro-CT of layered cell sheet transplants revealed a mineralized capping of the access cavity in the crown area, similar to that of natural dentin. In contrast, the OD cell sheet group demonstrated the formation of irregular fragments of mineralized tissue in the pulp cavity, and the DP cell sheet did not develop any hard tissue. Moreover, bone volume/tissue volume (BV/TV) showed a significant increase in hard tissue formation in the layered cell sheet group compared with that in the single cell sheet group ( < 0.05). HE staining also showed a combination of soft and hard tissue formation in the layered cell sheet group. Furthermore, IHC confirmed that the dentin-like tissue generated from the layered cell sheet expressed characteristic markers of dentin but not bone equivalent to that of a natural tooth. In conclusion, this study demonstrates the feasibility of regenerating dentin-pulp complex using a bioengineered tissue designed to simulate the anatomical structure. Impact statement The dentin-pulp complex can be destroyed by deep caries and trauma, which may cause pulpitis and progress to irreversible pulpitis, apical periodontitis, and even tooth loss. Current treatments cannot maintain pulp health, and teeth can become brittle. We developed a three-dimensional (3D) layered cell sheet using dental pulp cells and odontogenic differentiation of pulp cells for dentin-pulp complex regeneration. Our layered cell sheet enables the regeneration of an organized 3D dentin-pulp-like structure comparable with that of natural teeth. This layered cell sheet technology may contribute to dentin-pulp complex regeneration and provide a novel method for complex tissue engineering.
Tissue Engineering. Part C, Methods(Tissue Engineering & Regenerative Medicine International Society)
|年月日||必須||2021年 10月 初日|