著作: [後藤 優樹]/Kazama Akira/Fukuhara Kensuke/Sato Honami/[玉井 伸岳]/[伊藤 博夫]/[松木 均]/Membrane fusion of phospholipid bilayers under high pressure: Spherical and irreversible growth of giant vesicles/[Biophysical Chemistry]
(英) Membrane fusion of phospholipid bilayers under high pressure: Spherical and irreversible growth of giant vesicles
(英) Membrane fusion of giant vesicles (GVs) for binary bilayers of unsaturated phospholipids, dioleoylphosphatidylethanolamine (DOPE) having an ability to promote membrane fusion and its homolog dioleoylphosphatidylcholine (DOPC) having an ability to form GV, was investigated under atmospheric and high pressure. While DOPC formed GVs in the presence of inorganic salts with a multivalent metal ion under atmospheric pressure, an equimolar mixture of DOPE and DOPC formed GVs both in the absence and the presence of LaCl3. We examined the change in size and shape of the GVs of this binary mixture in the absence and presence of LaCl3 as a function of time under atmospheric and high pressure. The size and shape of the GVs in the absence of LaCl3 under atmospheric and high pressure and those in the presence of LaCl3 under atmospheric pressure hardly changed with time. By contrast, the GV in the presence of LaCl3 under high pressure gradually changed in the size and shape with time on a time scale of several hours. Namely, the GV became larger than the original GV due to accelerated membrane fusion and its shape became more spherical. This pressure-induced membrane fusion was completely irreversible, and the growth rate was correlated with the applied pressure. The reason for the GV growth by applying pressure was considered on the basis of thermodynamic phase diagrams. We concluded that the growth is attributable to a closer packing of lipid molecules in the bilayer resulting from their preference of smaller volumes under high pressure. Furthermore, the molecular mechanism of the pressure-induced membrane fusion was explored by observing the fusion of two GVs with almost the same size. From their morphological changes, we revealed that the fusion is caused by the actions of Laplace and osmotic pressure.
Biophysical Chemistry([Elsevier Science])
|年月日||必須||2021年 10月 初日|