著作: [武原 正典]/[佐藤 康史]/[木村 哲夫]//[野田 和克]/[宮本 弘志]/[藤野 泰輝]/[三好 人正]/[中村 文香]/Wada Hironori/[坂東 良美]/[池本 哲也]/[島田 光生]/[六車 直樹]/[高山 哲治]/Cancer-associated Adipocytes Promote Pancreatic Cancer Progression Through SAA1 Expression/[Cancer Science]
(英) Cancer-associated Adipocytes Promote Pancreatic Cancer Progression Through SAA1 Expression
(英) Although pancreatic cancer often invades into peripancreatic adipose tissue, little is known about the cancer-adipocyte interaction. We first investigated the ability of adipocytes to de-differentiate to cancer-associated adipocytes (CAAs) by co-culturing with pancreatic cancer cells. We then examined the effects of CAA-conditioned media (CAA-CM) on the malignant characteristics of cancer cells, the mechanism underlying those effects, and their clinical relevance in pancreatic cancer. When 3T3-L1 adipocytes were co-cultured with pancreatic cancer cells (PANC-1) using Transwell system, adipocytes lost their lipid droplets and morphologically changed to fibroblast-like cells (CAA). Adipocyte-specific marker mRNA levels significantly decreased but those of fibroblast-specific markers appeared, characteristic findings of CAA, as revealed by real-time PCR. When PANC-1 cells were cultured with CAA-CM, significantly higher migration/invasion capability, chemoresistance, and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) properties were observed compared with control cells. To investigate the mechanism underlying these effects, we performed microarray analysis of PANC-1 cells cultured with CAA-CM, and found 78.5-fold higher expression of SAA1 compared with control cells. When SAA1 gene in PANC-1 cells was knocked down with SAA1 siRNA, migration/invasion capability, chemoresistance, and EMT properties were significantly attenuated compared with control cells. Immunohistochemical analysis on human pancreatic cancer tissues revealed positive SAA1 expression in 46/61 (75.4%). Overall survival in the SAA1-positive group was significantly shorter than in the SAA1-negative group (p=0.013). In conclusion, we demonstrated that pancreatic cancer cells induced de-differentiation in adipocytes toward CAA, and CAA promoted malignant characteristics of pancreatic cancer via SAA1 expression, suggesting that SAA1 is a novel therapeutic target in pancreatic cancer.
|年月日||必須||2020年 7月 14日|