著作: Maeda K. Takeo/[杉浦 大祐]/[岡崎 一美]/[丸橋 拓海]/[岡崎 拓]/Atypical motifs in the cytoplasmic region of the inhibitory immune co-receptor LAG-3 inhibit T cell activation./[The Journal of Biological Chemistry]
(英) Atypical motifs in the cytoplasmic region of the inhibitory immune co-receptor LAG-3 inhibit T cell activation.
(英) T cell activation is tightly regulated by both stimulatory and inhibitory co-receptors and has been a focus in the development of interventions for managing cancer or autoimmune diseases. Targeting the inhibitory co-receptors programmed cell death 1 (PD-1) and cytotoxic T lymphocyte-associated protein 4 (CTLA-4) has successfully eradicated tumors but induced immune-related adverse events in humans and mice. The beneficial and adverse effects of targeting these co-receptors highlight their importance in cancer immunity and also autoimmunity. Although the therapeutic potencies of other inhibitory co-receptors are under extensive investigation, their inhibitory mechanisms and their functional differences are not well understood. Here we analyzed the inhibitory mechanisms of lymphocyte activation gene-3 (LAG-3), another inhibitory co-receptor, by using an T cell activation system and a high-affinity anti-LAG-3 antibody that strongly interferes with the binding of LAG-3 to its ligand. We found that the expression level of LAG-3 strongly correlates with the inhibitory function of LAG-3, suggesting that LAG-3 functions as a rheostat rather than as a breaker of T cell activation. By evaluating the inhibitory capacities of various LAG-3 variants relative to their expression levels, we found that LAG-3 transduces two independent inhibitory signals through an FL motif in the membrane-proximal region and the C-terminal E repeat. These motifs have not been reported previously for inhibitory co-receptors, suggesting that LAG-3 inhibits T cell activation through a nonredundant inhibitory mechanisms along with the other inhibitory co-receptors. Our findings provide a rationale for combinatorial targeting of LAG-3 and the other inhibitory co-receptors to improve cancer immunotherapy.
The Journal of Biological Chemistry([The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology])
|年月日||必須||2019年 2月 13日|