著作: Fumitaka Shimizu/Mariko Oishi/Setsu Sawai/Minako Beppu/Sonoko Misawa/[松井 尚子]/[宮城 愛]/Toshihiko Maeda/Yukio Takeshita/Hideaki Nishihara/Yasuteru Sano/Ryota Sato/[梶 龍兒]/Satoshi Kuwabara/Takashi Kanda/Increased IP-10 production by blood-nerve barrier in multifocal acquired demyelinating sensory and motor neuropathy and multifocal motor neuropathy/[Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry]
(英) Increased IP-10 production by blood-nerve barrier in multifocal acquired demyelinating sensory and motor neuropathy and multifocal motor neuropathy
(英) Dysfunction of the blood-nerve barrier (BNB) plays important roles in chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP) and multifocal motor neuropathy (MMN). The aim of the present study was to identify the candidate cytokines/chemokines that cause the breakdown of the BNB using sera from patients with CIDP and MMN. We determined the levels of 27 cytokines and chemokines in human peripheral nerve microvascular endothelial cells (PnMECs) after exposure to sera obtained from patients with CIDP variants (typical CIDP and multifocal acquired demyelinating sensory and motor neuropathy [MADSAM]), MMN and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), and healthy controls (HC), using a multiplexed fluorescent bead-based immunoassay system. The induced protein (IP)10 level in the cells in both the MADSAM and MMN groups was markedly increased in comparison with the typical CIDP, ALS and HC groups. The other cytokines, including granulocyte colony-stimulating factor,vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and interleukin-7, were also significantly upregulated in the MADSAM group. The increase of IP-10 produced by PnMECs was correlated with the presence of conduction block in both the MADSAM and MMN groups. The autocrine secretion of IP-10 induced by patient sera in PnMECs was markedly upregulated in both the MADSAM and MMN groups. The overproduction of IP-10 by PnMECs leads to the focal breakdown of the BNB and may help to mediate the transfer of pathogenic T cells across the BNB, thereby resulting in the appearance of conduction block in electrophysiological studies of patients with MADSAM and MMN.
Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry(British Medical Association)
|年月日||必須||2018年 12月 6日|