著作: [杉山 茂]/脇坂 賢二/今西 健太/[倉科 昌]/[霜田 直宏]/[加藤 雅裕]/劉 志成/Recovery of Phosphate Rock Equivalents from Incineration Ash of Chicken Manure by Elution-precipitation Treatment/[Journal of Chemical Engineering of Japan]
(英) Recovery of Phosphate Rock Equivalents from Incineration Ash of Chicken Manure by Elution-precipitation Treatment
(英) In order to obtain calcium phosphates - a phosphate rock equivalent - from the incineration ash of chicken manure, which is obtained from power generation systems that use the manure for fuel, incineration ash was treated with an aqueous solution of nitric acid to elute phosphorus. By using 0.3 M of HNO3, most of the phosphorus could be eluted from 1.0 g of ash within 0.1 h. Compared with the composted chicken manure that was previously examined in our laboratory, the concentration of HNO3 was increased for this session of elution. Using the incineration ash of chicken manure made it possible to remove inorganic species at a lower boiling or sublimation temperature, and organic species by calcination in the power generation system. Compared with composted chicken manure, the concentrations of phosphorus contained in the incineration ash and the nitric acid extract were higher in the incineration ash. XRD analysis showed that the obtained nitric acid extract could be treated with aqueous NH3 to form a precipitation of poorly-crystallized calcium hydroxyapatite (Ca10(PO4)6(OH)2), which is one of main components in phosphate rock. In order to confirm the formation and purity of calcium phosphate species, the precipitation calcination was conducted at 1,078 K for 5 h. XRD revealed that the calcined solid was tricalcium phosphate, and no contamination was evident. These results reveal that a phosphate rock equivalent could be easily obtained from the incineration ash of chicken manure, which means that approximately 14% of the phosphate rock that is currently being imported into Japan could be replaced by this product.
Journal of Chemical Engineering of Japan([社団法人 化学工学会])
|年月日||必須||2019年 9月 末日|