著作: Srinivasan Dinesh/[藤野 裕道]/Regan John W/Differential internalization of the prostaglandin f(2alpha) receptor isoforms: role of protein kinase C and clathrin./[The Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics]
(英) Differential internalization of the prostaglandin f(2alpha) receptor isoforms: role of protein kinase C and clathrin.
(英) FP prostanoid receptors are G-protein-coupled receptors that mediate the actions of prostaglandin F(2alpha) (PGF(2alpha)). Alternative mRNA splicing gives rise to two isoforms, FP(A) and FP(B), which are identical except for their intracellular carboxyl termini. In this study, we examined the internalization of recombinant FLAG-epitope-tagged FP(A) and FP(B) receptors that were stably expressed in human embryonic kidney-293 cells. Cell surface receptors on live cells were labeled with anti-FLAG antibodies either in the presence or absence of PGF(2alpha) and were examined by immunofluorescence microscopy. In the absence of PGF(2alpha), FP(A)-expressing cells were labeled predominantly on the cell surface; however, FP(B)-expressing cells were labeled on both the cell surface and intracellularly, indicating constitutive internalization of the FP(B) isoform. After treatment with PGF(2alpha), FP(A)-expressing cells were labeled intracellularly, reflecting receptor internalization, which could be mimicked with phorbol 12-myristyl 13-acetate (PMA), an activator of protein kinase C (PKC). Pretreatment of FP(A)-expressing cells with Gö 6976 [12-(2-cyanoethyl)-6,7,12,13-tetrahydro-13-methyl-5-oxo-5H-indolo[2,3-a]pyrrolo[3,4-c]carbozole], an inhibitor of PKC, blocked both PGF(2alpha)- and PMA-induced receptor internalization. However, Gö 6976 did not block constitutive internalization of the FP(B) isoform, suggesting that the mechanisms of receptor internalization differ between the FP(A) and FP(B) isoforms. Furthermore, pretreatment with sucrose, an inhibitor of clathrin-dependent internalization, blocked PGF(2alpha)-induced internalization of the FP(A) isoform but did not block constitutive internalization of the FP(B) isoform. In conclusion, the FP(A) receptor isoform shows an agonist-induced internalization involving PKC and clathrin, whereas the FP(B) isoform undergoes agonist-independent internalization that does not involve PKC or clathrin.
The Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics(American Society for Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics)
|年月日||必須||2002年 7月 初日|