著作: [三ツ井 貴夫]/Kuroda Yukiko/Ueono Shu-ichi/[松井 尚子]/[梶 龍兒]/FK506 attenuates thymic output in patients with myasthenia gravis/[Archives of Medical Science : AMS]
(英) FK506 attenuates thymic output in patients with myasthenia gravis
(英) Myasthenia gravis (MG) is an antibody-mediated, T-cell-dependent autoimmune disease. The symptoms are caused by high-affinity IgG against the muscle acetylcholine receptor (AChR) at the neuromuscular junction. The production of these antibodies in B-cells depends on AChR-specific CD4(+) T-cells and the thymus gland seems to play a significant role in the pathogenesis of MG. Altered thymic T-cell export seems to be associated with a pathological mechanism in myasthenia gravis. Tacrolimus (FK506) has recently been used to treat MG. We examined the effects of tacrolimus on thymic T-cell export in patients with MG. Sixteen patients with nonthymomatous and/or thymectomized MG were treated with oral administrations of tacrolimus. To assess the effect of tacrolimus on the thymic output, we assayed the levels of T-cell receptor excision circle (TREC), a molecular marker of thymus emigrants. T-cell receptor excision circle was not significantly different from those in age-matched controls before tacrolimus therapy, but they were partially decreased 4 months after tacrolimus therapy. T-cell receptor excision circle levels were significantly decreased in the thymomatous group (p < 0.05), but not in the nonthymomatous group. Tacrolimus treatment significantly attenuated TREC levels in cultured CD4(-)CD8(+) cells (p < 0.05), but total cell counts were not significantly changed. These results indicate that TREC levels may become a marker of the curative effect of tacrolimus therapy for thymomatous MG, and that tacrolimus suppresses not only activating T-lymphocytes, but also naïve T-cells.
Archives of Medical Science : AMS(Termedia)
|年月日||必須||2013年 12月 26日|