著作: Shinohara Hiroki/[寺町 順平]/[岡村 裕彦]/[楊 諦]/[永田 俊彦]/[羽地 達次]/Double stranded RNA-dependent protein kinase is necessary for TNF--induced osteoclast formation in vitro and in vivo./[Journal of Cellular Biochemistry]
(英) Double stranded RNA-dependent protein kinase is necessary for TNF--induced osteoclast formation in vitro and in vivo.
(英) Double-stranded RNA-dependent protein kinase (PKR) is involved in cell cycle progression, cell proliferation, cell differentiation, tumorgenesis, and apoptosis. We previously reported that PKR is required for differentiation and calcification in osteoblasts. TNF- plays a key role in osteoclast differentiation. However, it is unknown about the roles of PKR in the TNF--induced osteoclast differentiation. The expression of PKR in osteoclast precursor RAW264.7 cells increased during TNF--induced osteoclastogenesis. The TNF--induced osteoclast differentiation in bone marrow-derived macrophages and RAW264.7 cells was markedly suppressed by the pre-treatment of PKR inhibitor, 2-aminopurine (2AP), as well as gene silencing of PKR. The expression of gene markers in the differentiated osteoclasts including TRAP, Calcitonin receptor, cathepsin K and ATP6V0d2 was also suppressed by the 2AP treatment. Bone resorption activity of TNF--induced osteoclasts was also supressed by 2AP treatment. Inhibition of PKR supressed the TNF--induced activation of NF-B and MAPK in RAW264.7 cells. 2AP inhibited both the nuclear translocation of NF-B and its transcriptional activity in RAW264.7 cells. 2AP inhibited the TNF--induced expression of NFATc1 and c-fos, master transcription factors in osteoclastogenesis. TNF--induced nuclear translocation of NFATc1 in mature osteoclasts was clearly inhibited by the 2AP treatment. The PKR inhibitor C16 decreased the TNF--induced osteoclast formation and bone resorption in mouse calvaria. The present study indicates that PKR is necessary for the TNF--induced osteoclast differentiation in vitro and in vivo. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Journal of Cellular Biochemistry([Wiley-Liss, Inc.])
|年月日||必須||2015年 9月 初日|