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著作: Kookana Rai S/Williams Mike/Boxall Alistair BA/Larsson Joakim DG/Choi Kyung ho/[山本 裕史]/Thatikonda Shashidhar/Zhu Yong-Guan/Carriquiriborde Pedro/Potential ecological footprints of active pharmaceutical ingredients: an examination of risk factors in low-, middle- and high-income countries/[Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences]

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EID
291711
EOID
880442
Map
0
LastModified
2017年12月21日(木) 13:20:46
Operator
三木 ちひろ
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TRUE
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Owner
[学科長]/[徳島大学.総合科学部.社会創生学科]
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種別 必須 総説·解説
言語 必須 日本語
招待 推奨
審査 推奨 Peer Review
カテゴリ 推奨 研究
共著種別 推奨
学究種別 推奨
組織 推奨
著者 必須
  1. (英) Kookana Rai S
    役割 任意
    貢献度 任意
    学籍番号 推奨
  2. (英) Williams Mike
    役割 任意
    貢献度 任意
    学籍番号 推奨
  3. (英) Boxall Alistair BA
    役割 任意
    貢献度 任意
    学籍番号 推奨
  4. (英) Larsson Joakim DG
    役割 任意
    貢献度 任意
    学籍番号 推奨
  5. (英) Choi Kyung ho
    役割 任意
    貢献度 任意
    学籍番号 推奨
  6. 山本 裕史
    役割 任意
    貢献度 任意
    学籍番号 推奨
  7. (英) Thatikonda Shashidhar
    役割 任意
    貢献度 任意
    学籍番号 推奨
  8. (英) Zhu Yong-Guan
    役割 任意
    貢献度 任意
    学籍番号 推奨
  9. (英) Carriquiriborde Pedro
    役割 任意
    貢献度 任意
    学籍番号 推奨
題名 必須

(英) Potential ecological footprints of active pharmaceutical ingredients: an examination of risk factors in low-, middle- and high-income countries

副題 任意
要約 任意

(英) Active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) can enter the natural environment during manufacture, use and/or disposal, and consequently public concern about their potential adverse impacts in the environment is growing. Despite the bulk of the human population living in Asia and Africa (mostly in low- or middle-income countries), limited work relating to research, development and regulations on APIs in the environment have so far been conducted in these regions. Also, the API manufacturing sector is gradually shifting to countries with lower production costs. This paper focuses mainly on APIs for human consumption and highlights key differences between the low-, middle- and high-income countries, covering factors such as population and demographics, manufacture, prescriptions, treatment, disposal and reuse of waste and wastewater. The striking differences in populations (both human and animal), urbanization, sewer connectivity and other factors have revealed that the environmental compartments receiving the bulk of API residues differ markedly between low- and high-income countries. High sewer connectivity in developed countries allows capture and treatment of the waste stream (point-source). However, in many low- or middle-income countries, sewerage connectivity is generally low and in some areas waste is collected predominantly in septic systems. Consequently, the diffuse-source impact, such as on groundwater from leaking septic systems or on land due to disposal of raw sewage or septage, may be of greater concern. A screening level assessment of potential burdens of APIs in urban and rural environments of countries representing low- and middle-income as well as high-income has been made. Implications for ecological risks of APIs used by humans in lower income countries are discussed.

キーワード 推奨
  1. (英) Developed Countries
  2. 開発途上国(developing countries)
  3. (英) Environmental Monitoring
  4. 環境汚染物質(Environmental pollutants)
  5. (英) Pharmaceutical Preparations
  6. (英) Risk Factors
発行所 推奨
誌名 必須 Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences(Royal Society (Great Britain))
(pISSN: 0962-8436, eISSN: 1471-2970)
ISSN 任意 1471-2970
ISSN: 0962-8436 (pISSN: 0962-8436, eISSN: 1471-2970)
Title: Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological sciences
Title(ISO): Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci
Publisher: Royal Society Publishing
 (NLM Catalog  (Scopus  (CrossRef (Scopus information is found. [need login])
必須 369
必須 1656
必須 20130586 20130586
都市 任意
年月日 必須 2014年 11月 19日
URL 任意
DOI 任意 10.1098/rstb.2013.0586    (→Scopusで検索)
PMID 任意 25405973    (→Scopusで検索)
NAID 任意
WOS 任意
Scopus 任意 2-s2.0-84907841579
評価値 任意
被引用数 任意
指導教員 推奨
備考 任意
  1. (英) Article.ELocationID: 10.1098/rstb.2013.0586

  2. (英) Article.ELocationID: 20130586

  3. (英) Article.PublicationTypeList.PublicationType: Journal Article

  4. (英) Article.PublicationTypeList.PublicationType: Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

  5. (英) Article.PublicationTypeList.PublicationType: Review

  6. (英) OtherID: PMC4213596

  7. (英) KeywordList.Keyword: antibiotics

  8. (英) KeywordList.Keyword: developing countries

  9. (英) KeywordList.Keyword: ecological risks

  10. (英) KeywordList.Keyword: sewage

  11. (英) KeywordList.Keyword: wastewater