著作: [酒井 陽子]/[川人 伸次]/[高石 和美]/[箕田 直治]/Kinoshita Hiroyuki/Hatakeyama Noboru/Azma Toshiharu/[中屋 豊]/[北畑 洋]/Propofol-induced relaxation of rat aorta is altered by aging./[The Journal of Medical Investigation : JMI]
(英) Propofol-induced relaxation of rat aorta is altered by aging.
(英) Propofol causes vasodilation via endothelium-dependent and -independent mechanisms. Because endothelial function is impaired with aging, the effects of propofol on endothelium-dependent vasodilation might be altered by aging. The aim of this study was thus to determine the effects of aging on vascular responses to propofol. Young (4-6 weeks old) or adult (16-25 weeks old) rats were anesthetized with sevoflurane. The thoracic aorta was dissected and cut into pieces 3-4 mm in length. In some rings, the endothelium was deliberately removed. The ring segment of the aorta was mounted for isometric force recording at a resting tension of 0.5-1.0 g in a 2 ml organ bath, containing Krebs-Ringer bicarbonate buffer. Arteries were precontracted with phenylephrine, and the function of endothelium was confirmed with acetylcholine. Then, we studied the concentration-dependent effects of propofol in endothelium-intact (control group) and -denuded aortic rings (denuded group), as well as those treated with N()-nitro-L-arginine methylester (L-NAME group). Relaxation due to propofol was observed in the control groups of both young and adult rats in a concentration-dependent manner, but the magnitude of relaxation was significantly greater in young rats. In addition, in young rats, relaxation due to propofol was significantly and equally reduced in both L-NAME and denuded groups at all propofol concentrations that we studied (10(-6)-10(-3) M). In adult rats, relaxation due to propofol was quite similar between control and L-NAME groups at all propofol concentrations, whereas it was significantly reduced in the denuded group. These results suggest that endothelium-derived nitric oxide plays an important role in propofol-induced vasodilation in young rats, but not in adult rats. J. Med. Invest. 61: 278-284, August, 2014.
The Journal of Medical Investigation : JMI([徳島大学.医学部])
(pISSN: 1343-1420, eISSN: 1349-6867)
|年月日||必須||2014年 8月 初日|