著作: Watanabe N/[早渕 康信]/[中川 竜二]/Saijo T/[香美 祥二]/Multidetector-row computed tomography evaluation of bilateral bronchial narrowing associated with increased pulmonary blood flow in children with congenital heart disease./[Congenital Heart Disease]
(英) Multidetector-row computed tomography evaluation of bilateral bronchial narrowing associated with increased pulmonary blood flow in children with congenital heart disease.
(英) Quantitative assessment of bilateral bronchial narrowing in children with congenital heart disease (CHD) with a left-to-right shunt has not yet been reported. In the present study, main bronchial size was evaluated bilaterally in normal subjects using multidetector-row computed tomography (MDCT), and the feasibility for diagnosis of bronchial narrowing in children with CHD associated with increased pulmonary blood flow was investigated. The short-axis diameter, long-axis diameter, and the cross-sectional area of the bilateral bronchi were measured immediately proximal to the origin of the superior lobar branch in 86 children aged 1-52 months. Subjects were divided into three groups as follows: group 1 (normal subjects; n = 52), group 2 (asymptomatic left-to-right shunt group; n = 25), and group 3 (symptomatic left-to-right shunt group with respiratory insufficiency; n = 9). Age, height, weight, and body surface area were significantly correlated with short- and long-axis bronchial diameters, and bronchial cross-sectional area in group 1. In group 2, the left bronchial cross-sectional area was significantly lower than group 1 (P < .001), whereas the right bronchial area was not significantly different. In group 3, the right bronchial area was significantly lower than that in groups 1 and 2 (P < .05). Although the left bronchial area in group 3 was significantly lower than in group 1 (P < .001), it was not significantly different from that in group 2. Our study suggests that MDCT can be used to quantify bilateral bronchial narrowing. Left main bronchial obstruction develops during the early stage of heart failure, followed by the development of right bronchial narrowing.
Congenital Heart Disease([Wiley Periodicals, Inc.])
|年月日||必須||2012年 4月 12日|