著作: Yoshikawa Yasunaga/Morimatsu Masami/[落合 和彦]/Nagano Masashi/Tomioka Yukiko/Sasaki Nobuo/Hashizume Kazuyoshi/Iwanaga Toshihiko/Novel variations and loss of heterozygosity of BRCA2 identified in a dog with mammary tumors./[American Journal of Veterinary Research]
(英) Novel variations and loss of heterozygosity of BRCA2 identified in a dog with mammary tumors.
(英) OBJECTIVE: To establish novel polymorphic markers for analysis of loss of heterozygosity (LOH), so as to study the possible involvement of BRCA2 in mammary tumors obtained from dogs. SAMPLE POPULATION: Blood samples, mammary gland specimens, or mammary tumors from 3 tumor-bearing dogs and 10 tumor-free dogs. PROCEDURES: Nucleotide sequence analysis was performed with a DNA autosequencer. Loss of heterozygosity analysis was performed for markers established in the present study. The expression level of canine BRCA2 was quantified by real-time PCR analysis. RESULTS: 3 novel microsatellite markers with high heterozygosity rates (> 50%) were established, and the previously reported marker for canine BRCA2 gene locus was improved. These markers were used for the analysis of DNA from formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded samples. By use of these markers, LOH in canine BRCA2 was identified as a result of recombination. In mammary tumor DNA that corresponded to the LOH-positive dog, the level of canine BRCA2 expression was decreased compared with that of nonneoplastic mammary gland tissue; the open reading frame contained 4 missense variations, 1 insertion variation, and 1 silent variation, some of which were localized to functional domains. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: 3 novel polymorphic markers were developed for LOH analysis of canine BRCA2 and identified a dog with LOH with some variations in the functional domains. These markers could be useful for assessing the relevance of BRCA2 variation in mammary tumors of dogs.
American Journal of Veterinary Research(American Veterinary Medical Association)
|年月日||必須||2008年 10月 初日|