著作: Oma Keita/Zhao Jizi/Ezoe Hirokazu/Akeda Yukihiro/Koyama Shohei/Ishii J. Ken/[片岡 宏介]/Oishi Kazunori/Intranasal immunization with a mixture of PspA and a Toll-like receptor agonist induces specific antibodies and enhances bacterial clearance in the airways of mice./[Vaccine]
(英) Intranasal immunization with a mixture of PspA and a Toll-like receptor agonist induces specific antibodies and enhances bacterial clearance in the airways of mice.
(英) To develop an effective nasal vaccine for Streptococcus pneumoniae, the effects of a panel of Toll-like receptor (TLR) agonists in combination with pneumococcal surface protein A (PspA) on induction of PspA-specific antibodies and bacterial clearance were compared in mice. Mice were nasally immunized with 10 microg of TLR agonist (TLR 2-4 and 9) and 2.5 microg of PspA once per week for 3 weeks. Significantly increased levels of PspA-specific immunoglobulin G (IgG) and IgA in the airways and PspA-specific IgG in plasma were found in mice administered PspA plus each TLR agonist, compared with mice administered PspA alone. In a sub-lethal pneumonia model using a serotype 3 pneumococcal strain, bacterial density in the lungs of mice was significantly reduced in mice administered PspA plus each TLR agonist, compared with mice administered either PspA alone or phosphate-buffered saline alone 3h after bacterial challenge. Similarly, enhanced bacterial clearance was found in the nasopharynx of mice administered PspA plus each TLR agonist 1 day after infection with a serotype 19F strain. Our data suggest that PspA-specific antibody induced by nasal immunization with PspA plus TLR agonist is capable of reducing the bacterial load in both the nasopharynx and lungs after challenge with pneumococci with different serotypes. Despite the skewed Th1/Th2 immune responses, the effects of nasal immunization with PspA plus each TLR agonist on bacterial clearances from the lungs 3h after infection and from nasopharynx 1 day after infection in mice were equivalent.
Vaccine(The Edward Jenner Society/The International Society for Vaccines/日本ワクチン学会)
|年月日||必須||2009年 4月 8日|