著作: Hisaeda H/Sakai T/Ishikawa H/[前川 洋一]/Yasutomo K/Good A. R/Himeno K/Heat shock protein 65 induced by gammadelta T cells prevents apoptosis of macrophages and contributes to host defense in mice infected with Toxoplasma gondii./[The Journal of Immunology]
(英) Heat shock protein 65 induced by gammadelta T cells prevents apoptosis of macrophages and contributes to host defense in mice infected with Toxoplasma gondii.
(英) We previously reported that gammadelta T cells mediate the expression of endogenous heat shock protein 65 (HSP65) in macrophages of mice with acquired resistance against infection with Toxoplasma gondii. We show here that HSP65 contributes to protective immunity by preventing apoptosis of infected macrophages. Macrophages of BALB/c mice, which readily acquired resistance to T. gondii infection with the low virulence Beverley strain, strongly expressed HSP65, and only a few of these macrophages underwent apoptosis. On the other hand, the BALB/c mice were susceptible to the infection with the high virulence RH strain of T. gondii; their macrophages did not express HSP65 and did undergo apoptosis. Mice depleted of gammadelta T cells using a mAb specific for TCR-gammadelta became highly susceptible to infection even with the Beverley strain. In these mice, HSP65 expression was markedly suppressed, and their infected macrophages died via apoptosis. Apoptosis was induced in cultured macrophages or macrophage cell lines after infection in vitro with the RH strain, whereas apoptosis was prevented when HSP65 was induced in these cells, before infection, by activation with IFN-gamma and TNF-alpha. However, apoptosis associated with infection by T. gondii RH strain was not prevented when HSP65 synthesis was inhibited by introducing an antisense oligonucleotide for this protein into the cells before activation with IFN-gamma plus TNF-alpha. Thus, HSP65 appears to contribute to immunity by preventing the apoptosis of infected macrophages, and the high virulence Toxoplasma appears to have mechanisms that allow these organisms to evade the host defense system by interfering with HSP65 expression.
The Journal of Immunology([The American Association of Immunologists])
|年月日||必須||1997年 9月 1日|