著作: 山口 幹代/[富山 芳信]/[片山 俊子]/[北畑 洋]/[大下 修造]/Involvement of adenosine triphosphate-sensitive potassium channels in the response of membrane potential to hyperosmolality in cultured human aorta endothelial cells./[Anesthesia & Analgesia]
(英) Involvement of adenosine triphosphate-sensitive potassium channels in the response of membrane potential to hyperosmolality in cultured human aorta endothelial cells.
(英) The membrane potential of endothelial cells is an important determinant of endothelial functions, including regulation of vascular tone. We investigated whether adenosine triphosphate-sensitive potassium (K(ATP)) channels were involved in the response of membrane potential to hyperosmolality in cultured human aorta endothelial cells. The voltage-sensitive fluorescent dye, bis-(1,3-diethylthiobarbiturate)trimethine oxonol, was used to assess relative changes in membrane potential semiquantitatively. To investigate the effect of mannitol-, sucrose-, and NaCl-induced hyperosmolality on membrane potential, cells were continuously perfused with Earle's balanced salt solution (285 mOsm/kg H(2)O) containing 200 nM bis-(1,3-diethylthiobarbiturate)trimethine oxonol and exposed to 315 and 345 mOsm/kg H(2)O hyperosmotic medium sequentially in the presence and absence of 1 muM glibenclamide, a well-known K(ATP) channel blocker. Hyperosmotic mannitol significantly induced hyperpolarization of the endothelial cells, which was prevented by 1 microM glibenclamide (n = 6). Estimated changes of membrane potential at 315 and 345 mOsm/kg H(2)O were 13 +/- 8 and 21 +/- 8 mV, respectively. Hypertonic sucrose induced similar changes. However, although hypertonic saline also significantly induced hyperpolarization of the endothelial cells (n = 6), the hyperpolarization was not prevented by 1 muM glibenclamide. In conclusion, K(ATP) channels may participate in hyperosmotic mannitol- and sucrose-induced hyperpolarization, but not in hypertonic saline-induced hyperpolarization in cultured human aorta endothelial cells.
Anesthesia & Analgesia(International Anesthesia Research Society(IARS))
|年月日||必須||2005年 2月 初日|