著作: [谷本 幸太郎]/Kitamura R/Tanne Y/Kamiya T/Kunimatsu R/Yoshioka M/Tanaka N/[田中 栄二]/[丹根 一夫]/Modulation of hyaluronan catabolism in chondrocytes by mechanical stimuli/[Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A]
(英) Modulation of hyaluronan catabolism in chondrocytes by mechanical stimuli
(日) Hyaluronan (HA) is a component of the extracellular matrices of cartilage contributing to the structural and functional integrity. HA metabolism is regulated by both anabolic and catabolic processes; however, a great deal more of the detail has been unknown yet. The purpose of this study was to clarify the effect of excessive mechanical load on the expression and activity of hyaluronidase (HYAL) in chondrocytes with a special reference to the expressions of IL-1beta and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha. A cyclic tensile load of 22.8% cell elongation, regarded as an excessive mechanical stimulus, was applied to cultured rabbit knee articular chondrocytes. HYAL1, HYAL2, IL-1beta, and TNF-alpha mRNA levels were examined by quantitative real-time PCR analysis. The HYAL activity in culture medium was examined by HA zymography. Both HYAL1 and HYAL2 mRNA levels were upregulated significantly by the loading in cultured chondrocytes. HYAL activity was also enhanced as compared with unloaded controls. The IL-1beta mRNA level was upregulated significantly by the loading, and TNF-alpha mRNA level was slightly upregulated. HYAL1 and HYAL2 mRNA levels were upregulated significantly by IL-1beta treatment, resulting in a slight increase in HYAL activity. These results show that the expression of HYAL1 and HYAL2 in articular chondrocytes is enhanced by excessive mechanical stimuli and affected in part by induction of IL-1beta, leading to HA catabolism in articular cartilage. (c) 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Biomed Mater Res 2009.
Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A([John Wiley & Sons, Inc.])
|年月日||必須||2010年 4月 末日|