著作: Kirino Yasushi/Kamimoto Takayuki/[佐藤 陽一]/[川添 和義]/[水口 和生]/[中堀 豊]/Increased Plasma Dipeptidyl Peptidase IV (DPP IV) Activity and Decreased DPP IV Activity of Visceral But Not Subcutaneous Adipose Tissue in Impaired Glucose Tolerance Rats Induced by High-Fat or High-Sucrose Diet/[Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin]
(英) Increased Plasma Dipeptidyl Peptidase IV (DPP IV) Activity and Decreased DPP IV Activity of Visceral But Not Subcutaneous Adipose Tissue in Impaired Glucose Tolerance Rats Induced by High-Fat or High-Sucrose Diet
(英) Several studies have investigated whether dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP IV) activity is correlated to the severity of diabetes; however, it remains unclear. To investigate the roles of DPP IV activity in metabolic abnormalities, impaired glucose tolerance rats were produced using a high-fat (HF) or high-sucrose (HS) diet. HF diet-fed rats obviously exhibited impaired glucose tolerance, with increases in subcutaneous and epididymal fat mass, insulin resistance and dyslipidaemia. In rats fed a HS diet rather than a normal diet, lower body weight and fasting blood glucose were observed temporarily in the early period after HS diet feeding; however, impaired glucose tolerance was evoked to some extent with an increase in epididymal fat mass. Both HF and HS diet-fed rats showed significantly higher plasma DPP IV activity than normal diet-fed rats, in the order of HF diet>HS diet>normal diet. HF and HS diets did not significantly affect DPP IV activity and mRNA expression in the kidney. On the other hand, HF, but not HS, diet caused a significant decrease in DPP IV activity in the liver as compared to the control. Of note, both HF and HS diets caused a significant decrease in DPP IV activity in epididymal fat, even though they did not change DPP IV activity in subcutaneous fat. In conclusion, HF or HS diet-induced impaired glucose tolerance with visceral fat accumulation may be interrelated with increased plasma DPP IV activity and decreased DPP IV activity of visceral but not subcutaneous adipose tissue.
Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin([日本薬学会])
|年月日||必須||2009年 3月 初日|