著作: [新田 剛]/Igarashi Kazuei/Yamashita Atsuya/Yamamoto Mikio/Yamamoto Naoki/Involvement of polyamines in B cell receptor-mediated apoptosis: spermine functions as a negative modulator./[Experimental Cell Research]
(英) Involvement of polyamines in B cell receptor-mediated apoptosis: spermine functions as a negative modulator.
(英) The B cell lymphoma WEHI231 has been used as a model for studying clonal deletion of B cells on the basis of its ability to undergo growth arrest and apoptosis by B cell antigen receptor (BCR) cross-linking. To comprehensively analyze the genes involved in BCR-mediated apoptosis, we applied the technique of serial analysis of gene expression (SAGE) to WEHI231. Comparison of expression patterns revealed that BCR cross-linking caused coordinate changes in the expression of genes involved in polyamine metabolism. Polyamines are ubiquitous compounds required for cell proliferation and homeostasis. The coordinate expression of the polyamine-related genes was confirmed by semiquantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction analysis. During apoptosis, the genes involved in polyamine biosynthesis were downregulated, whereas those involved in polyamine catabolism were upregulated, suggesting that intracellular polyamines play a role in BCR-mediated apoptosis. Levels of intracellular putrescine, spermidine, and spermine were reduced after BCR cross-linking. These effects were prevented by concurrent CD40 stimulation, which blocked BCR-mediated apoptosis. Furthermore, addition of spermine could repress the BCR-mediated apoptosis by attenuating the mitochondrial membrane potential (Deltapsim) loss and activation of caspase-7 induced by BCR signaling. These findings strongly suggest that polyamine regulation is involved in apoptosis during B cell clonal deletion.
Experimental Cell Research([Academic Press])
|年月日||必須||2001年 4月 15日|