著作: [矢野 仁康]/S. Mori/[木戸 博]/Intrinsic Nucleoside Diphosphate Kinase-like Activity is a Novel Function of the 20S Proteasome/[The Journal of Biological Chemistry]
(英) Intrinsic Nucleoside Diphosphate Kinase-like Activity is a Novel Function of the 20S Proteasome
(英) The eukaryotic 20 S proteasome is the prototype of a new family of the N-terminal nucleophil hydrolases and is composed of numerous low molecular mass subunits arranged in a stack of four rings, each containing seven different alpha- or beta-subunits. Among the beta-type subunits in the yeast proteasome, three proteolytically active ones were identified, although the functions of the other beta- and alpha-type subunits remain to be clarified. We report here that the purified 20 S proteasome exhibits intrinsic nucleoside diphosphate (NDP) kinase-like activity. The proteasome exhibited a preference for ATP and dATP as phosphate donors, and a broad specificity for NDPs, other than GDP, as phosphate acceptors, unlike conventional NDP kinase, which catalyzes the transfer of gamma-phosphate between NDPs and nucleoside triphosphates. During the transfer of gamma-phosphate, the proteasome formed acid-labile phosphohistidine as autophosphorylated intermediates, and NDP-dependent dephosphorylation of the latter then occurred. These enzymatic properties are similar to those of the molecular chaperone, Hsp70, which also exhibits intrinsic NDP kinase-like activity, instead of ATPase activity. C5 among the beta-type subunits and C8 among the alpha-type subunits were autophosphorylated during the gamma-phosphate transfer reaction and were photoaffinity labeled with 8-azido-[alpha-(32)P]ATP, suggesting that the C5 and C8 subunits of the proteasome are responsible for the NDP kinase-like activity.
The Journal of Biological Chemistry([The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology])
|年月日||必須||1999年 4月 12日|