著作: Katunuma N./[木戸 博]/Biological Functions of Serine Proteases in Mast Cells in Allergic Inflammation/[Journal of Cellular Biochemistry]
(英) Biological Functions of Serine Proteases in Mast Cells in Allergic Inflammation
(英) Serine proteases in mast cell granules, such as chymase, atypical chymase, and tryptase, which are major proteins in the granules, may play important roles in the process of immunoglobulin E (IgE)-mediated degranulation and in pathobiological alterations in tissues. Indeed, inhibitors of chymase, substrate analogs, and antichymase F(ab')2, but not inhibitors of tryptase, markedly inhibited histamine release induced by IgE-receptor bridging but not that induced by Ca ionophore. In contrast, inhibitors of metalloprotease inhibited histamine release induced not only by IgE-receptor bridging but also by Ca ionophore. These results suggest that chymase and metalloprotease are involved at different steps in the process of degranulation. The extents of inhibition of histamine release were closely correlated with the amounts of the inhibitors of chymase accumulated in the granules. After degranulation, the released proteases may in part contribute to pathobiological alterations in allergic disorders through generations of C3a anaphylatoxin and thrombin by human and rat tryptase, respectively, and those of angiotensin II and a chemotactic factor of neutrophils by human and rat chymase, respectively. Moreover, chymase and atypical chymase from rat were shown to destroy type IV collagen, and human tryptase was found to hydrolyze various plasma proteins, such as fibrinogen and high-molecular-weight kininogen. The biological activities of tryptase and chymase from rat may be regulated by their dissociation from and association with trypstatin, an endogenous inhibitor of these proteases.
Journal of Cellular Biochemistry([Wiley-Liss, Inc.])
|年月日||必須||1988年 4月 1日|