著作: Masunaga Shin-ichiro/Sakurai Yoshinori/Nagata Kenji/Suzuki Minoru/Maruhashi Akira/Kinashi Yuko/[永澤 秀子]/[宇都 義浩]/[堀 均]/Ono Koji/The usefulness of a continuous administration of tirapazamine combined with reduced dose-rate irradiation using gamma-rays or reactor thermal neutrons/[The British Journal of Radiology]
(英) The usefulness of a continuous administration of tirapazamine combined with reduced dose-rate irradiation using gamma-rays or reactor thermal neutrons
(英) We clarified the usefulness of the continuous administration of tirapazamine (TPZ) in combination with reduced dose-rate irradiation (RDRI) using gamma-rays or reactor thermal neutrons. Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) VII tumour-bearing mice received a continuous administration of 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine (BrdU) to label all proliferating (P) cells. Then, they received a single intraperitoneal injection or 24 h continuous subcutaneous infusion of TPZ in combination with conventional dose-rate irradiation (CDRI) or RDRI using gamma-rays or thermal neutrons. After irradiation, the tumour cells were isolated and incubated with a cytokinesis blocker, and the micronucleus (MN) frequency in cells without BrdU labelling ( = quiescent (Q) cells) was determined using immunofluorescence staining for BrdU. The MN frequency in the total tumour cells was determined using tumours that were not pre-treated with BrdU. The sensitivity of both total and Q cells, especially of Q cells, was significantly reduced with RDRI compared with CDRI. Combination of TPZ increased the sensitivity of both populations, with a slightly more remarkable increase in Q cells. Furthermore, the continuous administration of TPZ raised the sensitivity of both total and Q cell populations, especially the former, more markedly than the single administration, whether combined with CDRI or RDRI using gamma-rays or thermal neutrons. From the viewpoint of solid tumour control as a whole, including intratumour Q-cell control, the use of TPZ, especially when administered continuously, combined with RDRI, is useful for suppressing the reduction in the sensitivity of tumour cells caused by the decrease in irradiation dose rate in vivo.
The British Journal of Radiology(British Institute of Radiology)
|年月日||必須||2006年 12月 初日|