著作: Quyen To Dao/Irei V. Amalia/Sato Yuki/[太田 房雄]/Fujimaki Yasunori/Sakai Tohru/Kunii Daisuke/Khan Cong Nguyen/[山本 茂]/Nutritional factors, parasite infection and allergy in rural and suburban Vietnamese shool children/[The Journal of Medical Investigation : JMI]
(英) Nutritional factors, parasite infection and allergy in rural and suburban Vietnamese shool children
(英) Urban areas often have more allergy than rural areas. Dietary patterns and parasite infection have been suggested as possible related factors. This study evaluated the prevalence of allergy in school children in one rural and suburban area of Vietnam where parasite infection is common. A total of 195 children aged 9 to 13 years old completed a self-administered allergy questionnaire and provided blood and stool samples for analysis. Nutritional status, dietary intake and parasite infection were determined in all participants. Allergy was more common in girls (10.7% vs. 7.6%), suburban children (11.8% vs. 6.9%), children with weight-for-age (16.7% vs. 6.0%) and height-for-age (14.8% vs. 4.9%) in the 10th to 75th percentile compared to <3rd percentile, and in children without trichuriasis compared to light trichuriasis (12.5% vs. 9.3%), although none of these comparisons were statistically significant. Logistic regression adjusted for sex, age and area of residence revealed no association between allergy and nutritional status, food intake or parasite infection. Intake of riboflavin, however, was negatively associated with allergy (OR=0.00, 95% CI:0.00-0.65, p=0.038). In conclusion, we were unable to detect any association between allergy and nutritional status, diet, or parasite infection. However, in a population with high undernutrition and parasite infection, the prevalence of allergy was low and the extremely low intake of riboflavin was associated with a higher risk of allergy.
The Journal of Medical Investigation : JMI([徳島大学.医学部])
|年月日||必須||2004年 8月 初日|