著作: [六反 一仁]/Hirakawa Tetsuya/[手嶋 茂忠]/Nakano Yoko/Miyoshi Mami/[河合 智子]/Konda Emi/Morinaga Hiroko/[二川 健]/[岸 恭一]/Implications of heat shock/stress proteins for medicine and disease/[The Journal of Medical Investigation : JMI]
(英) Implications of heat shock/stress proteins for medicine and disease
(英) Heat shock/stress proteins (HSPs) are crucial for maintenance of cellular homeostasis during normal cell growth and for survival during and after various cellular stresses. The HSP70 family functions as molecular chaperones and reduces stress-induced denaturation and aggregation of intracellular proteins. In addition to the chaperoning activities, HSP70 has been suggested to exert its protective action by protecting mitochondria and by interfering with the stress-induced apoptotic program. The biochemical and functional properties of HSPs observed in cultured cells may be relevant to organs and tissues in whole animals. The activation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis and the sympathetic nerve system elicits the stress response in selected peripheral tissues; the HSP70 expression in the vasculature and stomach increases resistance against hemodynamic stress and stress-induced mucosal damage, respectively. Gastric mucosa pretreated with mild irritants acquires a tolerance against subsequent mucosal-damaging insults. This phenomenon is known as "adaptive cytoprotection". Transient ischemia also induces ischemic tolerance in the brain and heart, which is called "ischemic preconditioning". The heat shock response is believed to contribute to the acquisition of the tolerance. The therapeutic applications of chaperone inducers that induce HSPs without any toxic effect are also introduced.
The Journal of Medical Investigation : JMI([徳島大学.医学部])
|年月日||必須||1998年 2月 初日|